1. Expose Yourself Progressively to the Sun The general recommendation is to rely on progressive exposure, in order to allow the skin to adapt to the sun bit by bit thereby reducing the risk of sun burn.
2. Avoid Overexposure Unprotected exposure to the sun, especially between noon and 4PM, is to be avoided.
The time of day when the UV rays are the most intense varies with the season and the geographical area. In Canada, the UV rays are more intense in Spring and Summer. They are weaker in Fall and less intense during Winter. Make it a habit, before you go outside, to check the UV index which lets you know the intensity of the ultraviolet (UV) rays of the sun. The UV index indicates the intensity of the sun according to a scale that ranges from 0 (low intensity) to 11 and more (high intensity). The higher the number is, the more intense the rays. The higher the UV index, more precautions should be taken before exposing yourself to the sun.
3. Cover Your Skin Soft hats or caps are essential when the sun beats down.
Also, cover your arms and neck if you expose yourself to the sun during the intense UV rays hours. Even when the sun is hidden behind clouds, be aware that most UV rays can go through thin layers of thin or scattered clouds, fog and haze. However, thick and heavy layers of cloud can block UV rays. Long sleeved tops are thus perfect to indulge in high altitude hiking, such as on mountains where UV rays are more present because the air is less heavy and more pure.
4. Wear Adapted Clothing To protect your skin from the sun it is recommended that you wear heavy cotton clothes.
They will block the UV rays. Dark clothes, usually avoided during exposure to the sun, offer the best UV protection.
5. Apply Sun Screens Choose a broad spectrum sun cream that protects from UVA and UVB at the same time and has a sun protection factor of 30 or more.
It is recommended that sun screen be applied to all the body areas that are not covered by clothing.
6. Don’t Forget Those Hard to Reach Areas Don’t forget the parts of your body that are not easily accessible, such as your neck, your elbows and the back of your ears. Also think about your feet if you are wearing opened shoes.
7. Be Careful With Medication Some medications can raise photosensitivity. For example, in the case of antibiotics derived from tetracycline and of some antidepressants, contraceptives, anti inflammatory or corticoids. If you need to take photosensitive medication, be particularly careful when exposing yourself to the sun.
8. Protect Your Hair Your hair can also get sunburned. For protection, put a little oil or solar cream in your hair to avoid burning your scalp. You can also choose a shampoo or a conditioner that contains solar protection.
9. Adapt Your Food Intake Your skin’s health and the impact the sun can have on it start with a healthy diet.
Raising your antioxidants consumption (beta-carotenes, vitamins A, B, C and E) can help you fight free radicals. Carrots, tomatoes, apricots, spinach, prunes or blueberries, among others, are excellent choices in foods to eat during Summer. Omega 3 is also interesting as it can reduce the risk of sun burn. These healthy fats are present in deep sea fish, the likes of tuna, sardines, mackerel, as well as in dried fruits.
10. Calm Your Skin After a long day of outside activities, apply a skin repair treatment to prevent inflammation due to sun burn and to reduce the development of free radicals generated by UV rays.
Source: cancer.ca Discover the Visage & Corps. Revolusolaire line of products to protect your skin against the ill effects of free radicals at http://goo.gl/3bCKw1